Home Hemorrhoids How Dangerous Is Hemorrhoid Surgery: 9 Risks & 6 Tips [For Safety]

How Dangerous Is Hemorrhoid Surgery: 9 Risks & 6 Tips [For Safety]

9 Risks & Complications of Hemorrhoid Surgery [6 Tips to Reduce Risks]
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Hemorrhoid surgery can be painful, but taking pain medications as prescribed is crucial for managing discomfort and preventing complications like bleeding, especially after the first bowel movement.

In 95% of cases, hemorrhoids are successfully treated through hemorrhoid surgery. Potential complications may include pain, bleeding, urinary issues, fecal impaction, infection, wound problems, incontinence, and anal strictures. The procedure is considered safe and effective, even though complications can occur.

In this blog post, we discuss how dangerous hemorrhoid surgery is, the risks and complications of hemorrhoid surgery, and tips to make hemorrhoid surgery less complicated.

How Dangerous Is Hemorrhoid Surgery: 9 Risks and Complications

9 Risks and Complications of Hemorrhoid Surgery

The procedure is safe, but like any surgery, risks are involved. If you or a loved one are considering hemorrhoid surgery, it is essential to be aware of these risks. Here are some risks of hemorrhoid surgery:

  • Fecal Incontinence: A damaged anal sphincter muscle can cause incontinence, inability to control bowel movements. Complications like this are rare but serious.
  • Narrowing of the Anal Canal (Stenosis): Scar tissue from surgery can narrow the anal canal, potentially causing difficulty with bowel movements. There may be a need for additional treatment in this case.
  • Bleeding: One of the most common risks associated with hemorrhoid surgery is bleeding. While post-operative bleeding is normal, excessive bleeding may occur in rare cases and require further treatment.
  • Infection: Infection is another risk of hemorrhoid surgery. While doctors take extensive steps to prevent infection during the surgical procedure, it is still possible for an infection to occur afterward. Signs of an infection may include redness, fever, swelling, and discharge from the surgical site.
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  • Scarring: While the goal of hemorrhoid surgery is to remove the hemorrhoid, it may leave behind scarring. This scarring can cause problems in the future, including obstruction of the anus and fecal incontinence.
  • Pain: Although hemorrhoid surgery is ‌considered a low-pain procedure, some individuals may experience significant discomfort and pain during the recovery process. This is especially true for those who undergo more extensive procedures.
  • Urinary Problems: Hemorrhoid surgery can also cause urinary problems, such as difficulty urinating or urinary retention. These problems are usually temporary and resolve on their own.
  • Anesthesia Risks: Similar to any surgical procedure, there are risks associated with the anesthesia used during hemorrhoid surgery. These risks may include an allergic reaction to the anesthesia, breathing problems, and heart complications.
  • Damage to surrounding structures: Damaging surrounding structures is a rare risk associated with hemorrhoid surgery but is still a possibility. Damage to the surrounding tissue can cause additional bleeding, pain, and a longer recovery.

6 Tips For Making Hemorrhoid Surgery Less Dangerous

The 6 Best Tips For Making Hemorrhoid Surgery Less Dangerous

Hemorrhoid surgery can be a daunting procedure for many patients. Proper preparation and care can minimize the risks associated with the surgery. Here are some tips to help reduce the dangers of hemorrhoid surgery:

Choose a Skilled Surgeon

Choosing a skilled surgeon who has performed many hemorrhoid surgeries is crucial. The surgeon must understand the best techniques, ensuring that the risks of complications, such as excessive bleeding, are minimized.

Stay Hydrated

Rehydration is essential before and after hemorrhoid surgery to prevent constipation, which can worsen hemorrhoids or cause postoperative complications. To make a stool easier to pass, it can be softened by drinking plenty of water.

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Follow a High-Fiber Diet

Eating a high-fiber diet can help ease the discomfort of hemorrhoids and prevent constipation. This diet can include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. As a result, stool becomes Bulkier, more accessible to pass, reducing pressure around the anus and minimizing the risk of hemorrhoids.

Get Adequate Rest

Rest is critical for a safe and speedy recovery after hemorrhoid surgery. Patients should get enough sleep and avoid strenuous activity that may cause further discomfort or bleeding.

Take Pain Relief Medications

Patients with hemorrhoid surgery may experience pain and discomfort, but there are over-the-counter and prescription pain relief medications to help ease these symptoms. Proper pain management ensures that patients recover comfortably and safely.

Follow Postoperative Instructions

Follow the postoperative instructions

It is vital to follow postoperative instructions carefully. Strenuous lifting should be avoided, as should engage in strenuous activities for several weeks. The surgeon will provide details on when to resume regular activities.


Hemorrhoid surgery is a safe and effective treatment for chronic hemorrhoids. Surgical procedures are not without risks and complications that must be considered. Following our tips and speaking to your doctor about the best approach for your circumstances can minimize the chances of hemorrhoid surgery.

Don't let fear of potential complications prevent you from seeking treatment for your hemorrhoids. With proper preparation, care, and a skilled surgeon, you can safely and successfully undergo hemorrhoid surgery and regain your quality of life.

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Matt Callard
I am a passionate traveler, as if traveling were my full-time job. I like to change my surroundings and environment, like changing desktop wallpaper. Nature increases the concentration in my writing, which helps brainstorming flow in my blood. I have a cat named Kitana. She is the most desperate about traveling, more than any other cat. How do I know? If I miss any tour in any week, she literally destroys my clothing with her wolverine nails.

I and my cat also participate in extreme activities like surfing, biking, hill tracking, paragliding, boating, etc. She was always there in my accidents, injuries, and stitches. She always sits on my lap when it hurts me most. The funniest part is that she has experienced all my tattoos. She sleeps on my blanket when I go through any painful experience.

My hobbies and lifestyle added many pain and injuries to my life. That is why I have a lot of experience in dealing with different levels of pain and burn. It influenced me to become a pain expert and share primary suggestions to handle any unwanted situations that hurt.


  • How Dangerous Is Hemorrhoid Surgery For Pregnant Women?

    Hemorrhoid surgery should not be performed on pregnant women since it carries a higher risk of complications. Symptoms may be relieved with non-surgical treatments until after childbirth.

  • Do Long-Term Complications of Hemorrhoid Surgery Pose a Significant Risk To Patients?

    Although long-term complications from hemorrhoid surgery are rare, they can occur, such as chronic pain, incontinence, or recurrence. It is recommended that patients discuss these risks with their surgeons before undergoing a procedure and ensure that they follow all postoperative instructions.

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