Home Hemorrhoids Is Hemorrhoid Surgery Painful: 3 Situations & 6 Solutions [Covered]

Is Hemorrhoid Surgery Painful: 3 Situations & 6 Solutions [Covered]

2 methods to manage pain during hemorrhoid surgery
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Hemorrhoid surgery is typically performed under general or spinal anesthesia to ensure pain control during the procedure. Patients also receive a long-acting local anesthetic beforehand, which relieves pain for 12 hours after waking up from surgery.

Hemorrhoid surgery ranges from painful for a hemorrhoidectomy to painless for less severe cases. Hemorrhoids, or piles, are swollen veins near the anus or lower rectum caused by excessive straining during bowel movements. The level of pain during surgery depends on the severity of the hemorrhoids being treated.

In this blog post, we’ll discuss pain management strategies, facts that increase pain, and complications associated with hemorrhoid surgery to help you make an informed decision.

Is Hemorrhoid Surgery Painful: 2 Situations

2 situations when hemorrhoids are painful

Hemorrhoid surgery often leads to pain and discomfort during the procedure and recovery. The discomfort observed can vary, depending on the surgical method adopted.

The experience of pain is also specific to each patient, varying with their response to pain management techniques and tolerance levels.

Pain Management

It is crucial to manage pain during hemorrhoid surgery, both before and after. Preoperative care involves administering medication, nerve blocks, and other interventions to ease discomfort.

After surgery, pain management may comprise medications, ice packs, and sitz baths. We aim to guide you through these care steps, yielding a safe and efficient patient experience.

Pre-operative Pain Management

Preoperative pain management can significantly reduce discomfort and ensure a smoother operation for hemorrhoid surgery. Medications and nerve blocks are the main options for managing pain before surgery.

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Medications play a crucial role in pain management before hemorrhoid surgery. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen can reduce pain, swelling, and bleeding risk during surgery.

For more severe pain, opioids may be prescribed, but these medications have a greater chance of side effects like nausea, vomiting, and constipation.

Nerve Blocks

Nerve blocks involve injecting medicine into the nerves surrounding the surgery site, rendering it numb and preventing the transmission of pain signals. While it could be highly efficient in managing pain and decreasing the need for post-operative medication, this method comes with several risks, such as infection and nerve harm.

Post-Operative Pain Management

Pain management after hemorrhoids surgery

After hemorrhoid surgery, pain can be intense. Prioritizing post-operative pain management can reduce discomfort and enhance recovery. Helpful methods to manage post-surgery pain include taking medication, ice packs, and sitz baths.


As with pre-operative pain management, medications are critical for managing pain after hemorrhoid surgery. Pain relievers like acetaminophen and NSAIDs can reduce discomfort, while opioids may be prescribed for more severe pain.

Following your doctor's instructions carefully is important since these medications can cause side effects and risks.

Ice Packs

If ice packs apply to the surgical area, they can reduce swelling and numb the nerve endings, relieving pain. Using a barrier between the ice pack and your skin, such as a towel or cloth, is essential to avoid frostbite.

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Sitz Baths

A site bath involves soaking the surgical area in warm water several times daily, which can help reduce pain and promote healing. Adding salt or other agents to the water may encourage healing and reduce discomfort.

Factors That Influence Pain

Multiple factors can impact pain stemming from hemorrhoid surgery. These include the size and severity of the hemorrhoids, the surgical approach taken, the patient's pain tolerance, and the pain management techniques used.

Additional factors, such as age, general health, and medication use can also influence the level of discomfort a patient may experience. Hence, healthcare providers must consider these factors when developing a pain management plan tailored to each patient.

Patient Factors

Pain associated with hemorrhoid surgery depends on various factors, including anxiety, past surgeries, and individual pain tolerance. Patients must make mental and physical preparations before the procedure to ensure a favorable outcome.

Pain Tolerance

Patient factors that influence pain can vary

Hemorrhoid surgery is a procedure that involves the removal of swollen veins in the anal and rectal regions. The pain level a patient experiences during the surgery depends on their tolerance for pain. Patients with a low pain tolerance may experience discomfort or even pain during the procedure.


Anxiety is another patient factor influencing the pain experienced during hemorrhoid surgery. Anxious patients may feel more pain due to a higher level of stress hormones in their bodies. This can also make recovery from the surgery more difficult.

Previous Surgeries

Patients who have had previous surgeries may experience more pain during or after the hemorrhoid surgery due to scar tissue or nerve damage from earlier procedures.

Hemorrhoid surgery pain level varies depending on pain tolerance, anxiety, and past surgeries. To ensure a successful outcome, patients should discuss concerns with their healthcare provider and prepare mentally and physically for the procedure.

Risks and Complications

Although effective, hemorrhoid surgery poses several risks and complications, such as prolonged and chronic pain, bleeding, infection, and even bowel incontinence.

Pain-related complications

Like any surgical procedure, hemorrhoid surgery can involve painful complications. Two common complications include prolonged pain (lasting a few days) and chronic pain (lasting weeks or months).

While recovery can be challenging, appropriate pain management and postoperative care can help alleviate these complications.

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Prolonged pain

Doctors often prescribe pain management medications, including acetaminophen and ibuprofen, when dealing with prolonged pain. Yet where the former proves ineffective, more potent painkillers like opioids may be necessary.

To supplement this medical treatment, topical solutions like ointments or creams can help manage the discomfort.

Chronic pain

While acute pain after hemorrhoid surgery is ‌manageable, chronic pain can be more challenging. Chronic pain patients may need a pain management specialist for care & treatment, including nerve blocks & interventions.

Chronic pain is rare after surgery, affecting only a tiny percentage of patients.

Other complications

Hemorrhoid surgery poses risks beyond just pain-related complications. Bleeding, infection, and fecal incontinence are all concerns.


Bleeding after hemorrhoid surgery is common, especially in the first few days after the procedure. However, most cases of bleeding are mild and can be managed with compression, ice packs, and rest. In more severe cases, additional medical treatment may be required.


Risks and complication Infection

Infection is another potential risk of hemorrhoid surgery, though it is relatively rare. The patient is usually given antibiotics before and after the surgery to help reduce the risk of infection. Signs of infection include fever, increased swelling or pain, and redness or warmth around the surgical site.

Fecal incontinence

Fecal incontinence is a less common complication of hemorrhoid surgery but can occur. This is when a patient has difficulty controlling their bowel movements, which can lead to accidents.

Most times, this complication is temporary and will improve. However, some patients may experience long-term issues with bowel control and may require additional medical treatment.


Hemorrhoid surgery can be a viable option for those with this painful condition. Pre and post-operative medication, nerve blocks, ice packs, and Sitz baths can effectively reduce pain.

Each one of us has a unique pain threshold and experiences pain differently. When evaluating a medical procedure, it's essential also to consider the uncommon risks and complications that may arise, such as prolonged or chronic pain, bleeding, infection, and fecal incontinence.

Speak with your doctor regarding your situation and follow proper pain management practices for a smoother surgery experience.

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Matt Callard
I am a passionate traveler, as if traveling were my full-time job. I like to change my surroundings and environment, like changing desktop wallpaper. Nature increases the concentration in my writing, which helps brainstorming flow in my blood. I have a cat named Kitana. She is the most desperate about traveling, more than any other cat. How do I know? If I miss any tour in any week, she literally destroys my clothing with her wolverine nails.

I and my cat also participate in extreme activities like surfing, biking, hill tracking, paragliding, boating, etc. She was always there in my accidents, injuries, and stitches. She always sits on my lap when it hurts me most. The funniest part is that she has experienced all my tattoos. She sleeps on my blanket when I go through any painful experience.

My hobbies and lifestyle added many pain and injuries to my life. That is why I have a lot of experience in dealing with different levels of pain and burn. It influenced me to become a pain expert and share primary suggestions to handle any unwanted situations that hurt.


  • How Long Does The Pain Typically Last After Hemorrhoid Surgery?

    The pain after hemorrhoid surgery can last up to two to three weeks. At first, the pain may be severe, but it should gradually subside as the healing progresses.

  • Are There Any Non-Surgical Treatments For Hemorrhoids That Are Less Painful?

    Yes, various non-surgical treatments for hemorrhoids are less painful than surgery. Several ways to treat this condition include increasing fiber intake, using over-the-counter creams, and taking sitz baths.

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