Home Hemorrhoids Female Hemorrhoid Surgery: 4 Types & 4 Benefits [Common]

Female Hemorrhoid Surgery: 4 Types & 4 Benefits [Common]

4 types of hemorrhoids in women & their risks
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Hemorrhoid surgery is often considered a last resort for treating this condition, particularly for females. Female hemorrhoid surgery can be a viable solution for those who struggle with this annoying condition.

Hemorrhoid surgery for females, known as hemorrhoidectomy, involves the removal of hemorrhoids by making minor cuts around the anus. Local or general anesthesia may be used during the procedure. Anesthesia options include local anesthesia (numb area, awake but relaxed) or general anesthesia (put to sleep).

We will examine the types of hemorrhoid surgery for women, its risks, benefits, recovery times, and post-surgery care.

Female Hemorrhoid Surgery: 4 Common Types

Hemorrhoid surgery for women incisional

Different surgical techniques are used to remove hemorrhoids, depending on their type and severity. Hemorrhoids can be classified as external (outside the anus) or internal (inside the rectum) and categorized according to their prolapse.

The type of surgery you may need depends on several factors, such as your symptoms, medical history, preference, and surgeon’s expertise. Some of the common hemorrhoid surgeries for females are:

  • Hemorrhoid excision: This surgery involves cutting out the entire hemorrhoid with a scalpel, scissors, or electrocautery (a heating device used to destroy tissue). This is usually done for external hemorrhoids or large or prolapsed internal hemorrhoids. This surgery can be done under local, regional, or general anesthesia. It is effective but may cause more pain and bleeding than other methods.
  • Incisional hemorrhoidectomy: This surgery involves making a small incision over the skin of a thrombosed external hemorrhoid and removing only the clot inside it. This can relieve the pain and swelling quickly, but may not prevent recurring hemorrhoids. Local anesthesia can be used during the surgery in the doctor’s office.
  • Conventional hemorrhoidectomy: Cutting out entire hemorrhoids by electrocautery or scalpel is an effective surgery for internal hemorrhoids that do not respond to other treatments. This is usually reserved for those with grade 3 or 4 hemorrhoids and can be done under regional or general anesthesia. While it is more painful and causes more bleeding than other methods, it is effective.
  • Stapled hemorrhoidopexy: This surgery uses a circular stapling device to reposition internal hemorrhoids, cutting off their blood supply, reducing their size, and preventing prolapse. It has a shorter recovery time than conventional hemorrhoidectomy but may carry a higher risk of complications, such as bleeding or infection.

Hemorrhoid Surgery for Women: 4 Stunning Benefits

Hemorrhoid surgery offers several advantages for women experiencing severe or persistent symptoms. Here's a closer look at the potential benefits:

Significant Symptom Relief

Surgery can effectively address the most bothersome symptoms of hemorrhoids, including:

  • Pain and discomfort: Removing the swollen tissue significantly reduces pain and irritation.
  • Bleeding: Surgery can eliminate rectal bleeding, improve hygiene, and prevent anemia.
  • Itching: By addressing the underlying cause, surgery eliminates persistent itching.
  • Prolapse: Surgery corrects prolapse, restoring the hemorrhoids to their normal position and eliminating the feeling of a lump.

Improved Quality of Life

By alleviating the physical discomfort and embarrassment associated with hemorrhoids, surgery can significantly improve a woman's quality of life.

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Preventing Complications

Hemorrhoids can sometimes lead to complications like:

  • Fecal incontinence: Loss of bowel control, which can be a significant concern for women. Surgery can help prevent this complication.
  • Anemia: Hemorrhoids can cause chronic iron deficiency anemia. Surgery can prevent further blood loss and allow iron stores to replenish.

Reduced Need for Future Treatments

While not always a guarantee, successful surgery can offer a long-term solution, potentially eliminating the need for repeated treatments and medication.

8 Major Risks Of Female Hemorrhoid Surgery

As with any surgery, hemorrhoid surgery carries potential risks and side effects. It's essential to be aware of these before deciding. Here's a breakdown of the major concerns:

  • Bleeding: While uncommon, bleeding can occur after surgery. The doctor will closely monitor you and take steps to manage any bleeding that occurs.
  • Infection: As with any surgery, there's a disease risk at the surgical site. Proper wound care and following your doctor's instructions can significantly reduce this risk.
  • Pain: Pain and discomfort are expected after surgery, although medication can help manage it effectively. The pain typically subsides within a few days to a week.
  • Urinary Retention: Difficulty urinating can happen temporarily after surgery because of swelling or anesthesia. You may need a catheter inserted until regular urination resumes.
  • Anal Stenosis: Scar tissue formation can narrow the anal canal, causing difficulty passing stool. This is a potential complication, especially with specific surgical techniques.
  • Fecal Incontinence: Damage to the sphincter muscles, which handle bowel control, is a rare but severe complication. Choosing an experienced surgeon who minimizes the risk of this happening is crucial.
  • Recurrence: There's a possibility of hemorrhoids returning after surgery. The risk varies depending on the type of surgery performed, lifestyle factors, and following post-surgical instructions carefully.
  • Anal Fistula: An abnormal connection can form between the anus and the skin near the anus. This can cause drainage, pain, and discomfort. While uncommon, it may require additional surgery to correct.

Recovery from Female Hemorrhoid Surgery

Surgical recovery from hemorrhoids in women

The recovery time from hemorrhoid surgery depends on many factors, including the type of surgery, your health, and your doctor's instructions. You can expect to:

  • You should stay in the hospital for a few hours or overnight after your surgery.
  • Experience some pain and discomfort for a few days or weeks after your surgery.
  • Experience some pain and discomfort for a few days or weeks after your surgery.
  • Take painkillers as prescribed by your doctor to ease your pain.
  • Apply ice packs or sitz baths (warm water baths) to soothe your anal area.
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements or lifting heavy objects.
  • Make sure you consume a lot of fiber and fluids to prevent constipation and soften your stools.
  • Consult your physician for recommended stool softeners or laxatives for bowel movements.
  • Keep your anal area clean and dry by using gentle wipes or a squirt bottle after each bowel movement.
  • Wear loose-fitting cotton underwear and clothing to avoid irritation
  • Avoid sexual intercourse until your doctor says it is safe to do so.
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You should also watch out for any signs of complications, such as:

  • Excessive bleeding or swelling.
  • Fever or chills.
  • Severe pain or difficulty urinating.
  • Foul-smelling discharge or pus from the anus.
  • Redness, warmth, or tenderness around the surgical site.

You should contact your doctor immediately if you notice any of these symptoms.

Post-Surgical Care for Female Hemorrhoid Surgery

Hemorrhoid Surgery after-care for females

After your surgery, you must follow up with your doctor regularly to monitor your healing and prevent any problems. You may need to:

  • Visit your doctor a few days after your surgery to have your stitches removed or checked
  • Have a colonoscopy (a test that examines the inside of your colon) a few weeks after your surgery to make sure there are no polyps or other abnormalities in your colon
  • Have regular check-ups with your doctor every few months or years to assess your condition and prevent the recurrence of hemorrhoids

You should also take some steps to prevent future hemorrhoids, such as:

  • Be sure to consume plenty of fluids and consume a diet high in fiber to avoid constipation and straining.
  • Regular exercise improves blood circulation and muscle tone
  • Healthy weight maintenance can ease pressure on the pelvic floor.
  • Avoiding Avoid prolonged sitting or standing, especially on hard surfaces.
  • Using proper hygiene and wiping gently after each bowel movement.
  • You should seek medical attention if you notice any hemorrhoid symptoms.

Hemorrhoid surgery is a safe and effective treatment option for severe or complicated cases. Managing risks and outcomes requires careful preparation, recovery, and doctor consultation. Following your doctor’s advice, you can recover and improve your quality of life.

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Hemorrhoid surgery can bring relief to women with hemorrhoids. Knowing procedure types, risks, benefits, recovery, and post-surgical treatment can assist women in making informed decisions when addressing this issue.

Women can recover fully from hemorrhoids and prevent future hassles with due care and attention. Talk to your healthcare provider today, and don't suffer in silence about your health.

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Matt Callard
I am a passionate traveler, as if traveling were my full-time job. I like to change my surroundings and environment, like changing desktop wallpaper. Nature increases the concentration in my writing, which helps brainstorming flow in my blood. I have a cat named Kitana. She is the most desperate about traveling, more than any other cat. How do I know? If I miss any tour in any week, she literally destroys my clothing with her wolverine nails.

I and my cat also participate in extreme activities like surfing, biking, hill tracking, paragliding, boating, etc. She was always there in my accidents, injuries, and stitches. She always sits on my lap when it hurts me most. The funniest part is that she has experienced all my tattoos. She sleeps on my blanket when I go through any painful experience.

My hobbies and lifestyle added many pain and injuries to my life. That is why I have a lot of experience in dealing with different levels of pain and burn. It influenced me to become a pain expert and share primary suggestions to handle any unwanted situations that hurt.


  • What Is the Recovery Time After Female Hemorrhoid Surgery?

    You should resume most of your normal activities after 1 to 2 weeks. While recovering, avoiding heavy lifting and straining with bowel movements is essential. Complete recovery from hemorrhoid surgery typically takes about 4 weeks.

  • When Is Surgery Necessary For Female Hemorrhoids?

    Surgery is often recommended for female hemorrhoids when classified as grade 3 or 4. Grade 3 hemorrhoids protrude from the anus and may require manual repositioning, while grade 4 hemorrhoids remain outside the anus and cannot be repositioned manually.

    Surgical intervention is required in such cases to relieve the patient's symptoms and improve his or her quality of life. An experienced healthcare provider can determine the necessity for surgery according to the severity of the condition.

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