Home Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoid Surgery Infection: 4 Symptoms, 10 Causes & 6 Treatments

Hemorrhoid Surgery Infection: 4 Symptoms, 10 Causes & 6 Treatments

4 Symptoms & 10 Causes of Hemorrhoid Surgery Infection - 6 Treatments
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Hemorrhoid surgery infection is a rare complication of hemorrhoidectomy, a surgical procedure to remove hemorrhoids that are causing symptoms. Hemorrhoid surgery infection can occur when the affected tissue becomes vulnerable to bacteria from the intestine or when the blood flow to the area is compromised.

Conditions can also develop after procedures that treat hemorrhoids. Rubber band ligation, in particular, can cause disease. A band is placed around the hemorrhoid, cutting off its blood supply. Hemorrhoids fall off and heal soon.

This blog post will discuss hemorrhoid surgery infection, its causes, treatment, symptoms, rehabilitation, and management.

Hemorrhoid Surgery Infection: 4 Common Symptoms

4 Common Symptoms of a Hemorrhoid Surgery Infection

Risks and complications come with hemorrhoid surgery. One concern is the risk of infection. Patients who undergo this surgery may experience various symptoms showing a disease. Here are some signs of hemorrhoid surgery infection:

Delayed healing

Bacteria or viruses at the surgical site can slow healing after hemorrhoid surgery. This can make recovery more complex and potentially cause complications as the body tries to fight the infection.

Chronic pain

Chronic pain after hemorrhoid surgery infection can be caused by nerve damage, inflammation, or scar tissue. Patients may have less quality of life because of the disease exacerbating pain and making daily activities difficult.

Infection cause itching

Hemorrhoid surgery infection can cause itching because of the inflammatory response in the surgical site. When the body fights off the disease, it can cause irritation and redness, causing itching. Medications or dressings used during surgery may also cause an allergic reaction.

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Redness is a symptom of hemorrhoid surgery infection that shows localized inflammation. A buildup of white blood cells and fluid occurs in the wound, creating a red, warm, and painful area. Redness and swelling can make wearing clothes and sitting comfortably tricky.

Hemorrhoid Surgery Infection: 10 Causes

While the operation is usually safe, there is also a risk of infection, which can cause complications and affect the healing process. Therefore, it's crucial to understand the causes of hemorrhoid surgery infection. Here are some causes of hemorrhoid surgery infection:

Careless Lifestyle After Surgery

The risk of infection increases if patients do not follow post-operative instructions or do not follow hygiene practices. Self-care routines like hand washing and dressing changes can compromise healing.

The Inadequate Environment During Surgery

Several factors related to the surgical environment can contribute to post-operative infections after hemorrhoid surgery. Poorly sterilized operating rooms, ill-maintained equipment, and improper use of surgical tools can all lead to surgical site infections.

Poor Toilet Habits

Poor toilet habits can cause complications after hemorrhoid surgery, such as improper wiping or excessive straining. These actions can cause extreme irritation, leading to infections and delayed healing.

Dirty Wounds

Wounds that are dirty

Failure to maintain wound hygiene can lead to infection buildup in the surgical site. Conditions can develop from poor wound care, such as infrequent washing of the operated area.

Deep Incisional Wounds

Surgery that results in deep incisional wounds can increase the risk of infection‌ damages can be challenging to maintain. Patients must be attentive to wound care and hygiene to prevent infections.

Open Space

Open areas within the incision site attract bacteria and other microorganisms, leading to diseases. Good wound closure and post-surgical care are crucial in preventing such complications.

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Inadequate Environment

Poor hand hygiene practices, improper sterilization, and insufficient maintenance of surgical equipment can all pose significant risks to patients. Proper protocols must be in place for patient safety to mitigate such risks.

Lack Of Proper Sanitation

Inadequate standards pose a grave risk of infection transmission in surgical settings. In all parts of the healthcare facility, including the surgical unit, sanitation practices must be observed.

Poor Ventilation

Poor ventilation in surgical settings can cause microorganisms to accumulate, increasing the chances of infection. Proper ventilation reduces pathogen buildup in surgical rooms, preventing infections.

Leakage After Hemorrhoid Surgery

It is possible to experience leakage of stool during hemorrhoid surgery, which may cause infection. Post-surgical care, hygiene, and avoiding strenuous activities prevent disease and promote successful healing.

6 Treatment and Management of Hemorrhoid Surgery Infection

Infection after hemorrhoid surgery is a common complication. This infection can cause discomfort and pain and even prolong the healing process. Successful recovery from hemorrhoid surgery infection requires proper management and treatment.

Proper Wound Care

Proper wound care after hemorrhoid surgery is critical for preventing infection and promoting healing. Keep the area clean and dry, and change dressings as instructed. Avoid harsh soaps or excessive rubbing. Keeping the site elevated can reduce inflammation.

Antibiotics and Other Medications

Your healthcare provider may prescribe antibiotics if an infection occurs. A pain reliever and cream may also ease the discomfort and itching associated with hemorrhoid surgery.

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Sitz Baths

After soaking the affected area for 15-20 minutes in warm water, sitz baths are administered. Pain, inflammation, and healing can all be eased by doing this. Sitz baths may be recommended several times daily, particularly after bowel movements.

Use Of Stool Softeners

Constipation can be a common side effect of hemorrhoid surgery, harrowing during healing. Stool softeners can help ease constipation and reduce the strain during bowel movements. Your healthcare provider may recommend a particular type of stool softener and dosage.

Pain Management

Management of pain

Pain management is essential during the first few days after hemorrhoid surgery. Over-the-counter pain relief medications and prescription painkillers may reduce pain. Applying ice packs to the affected area can also help ease discomfort.

Proper Diet and Hydration

Fiber-rich diets can help relieve constipation and strain during bowel movements. Intake of fiber can be increased through fruit, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.

Adequate hydration is also essential to prevent constipation and promote healing. The consumption of plenty of water and the avoidance of alcoholic and caffeinated beverages can be beneficial during recovery.


Don't let potential complications of hemorrhoid surgery scare you away from necessary treatment. While infection is a possibility, it can be prevented with proper care. Keep your surgical site clean, avoid intense activity, and pay close attention to any symptoms of infection like fever and swelling.

Early treatment is critical to a successful and speedy recovery. The healthcare provider can guide you through the post-operative process and answer questions. Remember, a full recovery is usually expected within a few weeks with proper care.

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Matt Callard
I am a passionate traveler, as if traveling were my full-time job. I like to change my surroundings and environment, like changing desktop wallpaper. Nature increases the concentration in my writing, which helps brainstorming flow in my blood. I have a cat named Kitana. She is the most desperate about traveling, more than any other cat. How do I know? If I miss any tour in any week, she literally destroys my clothing with her wolverine nails.

I and my cat also participate in extreme activities like surfing, biking, hill tracking, paragliding, boating, etc. She was always there in my accidents, injuries, and stitches. She always sits on my lap when it hurts me most. The funniest part is that she has experienced all my tattoos. She sleeps on my blanket when I go through any painful experience.

My hobbies and lifestyle added many pain and injuries to my life. That is why I have a lot of experience in dealing with different levels of pain and burn. It influenced me to become a pain expert and share primary suggestions to handle any unwanted situations that hurt.


  • What Are The Risk Factors For Developing Hemorrhoid Surgery Infection?

    Health conditions like diabetes, immunosuppression, poor wound healing, or previous anal surgery increase the risk of hemorrhoid surgery infection. Infection risks are increased by smoking, obesity, and poor hygiene.

  • What Are The Long-Term Effects Of Hemorrhoid Surgery Infection?

    Left untreated, it may cause persistent pain, anal fistulas, chronic drainage, and even sepsis. The patient should therefore seek immediate medical treatment if an infection is suspected.

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